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Unused, unneeded or expired drugs in homes present a number of risks, including intentional or accidental overdose in humans (particularly young children). Learn how to safely dispose of these drugs.
In this month's news briefs, we report on the FDA's decision to require new black-box warnings in the labeling of all immediate-release opioid drugs about the risks of abuse, addiction, overdose and death, as well as the agency's recent drug safety alert reminding consumers not to purchase over-the-counter chelation products. We also discuss the decision of a major drugmaker to terminate its involvement in the marketing of an inhaled form of insulin.
Low back pain is the fifth most common reason for outpatient doc¬tor visits and leads to 2.6 million emergency room visits in the U.S. every year. This article reviews results of the newest research on which pain relievers are safest and most effective for managing severe low back pain.
In this article, we review new evidence suggesting that long-acting opioids are associated with a higher risk of unintentional life-threatening over¬doses than short-acting forms of these drugs.
Recent research revealed that many patients consume alcohol while using drugs that may can cause dangerous side effects when combined with alcohol. Read this article to learn about the many ways alcohol can adversely interact with prescription and over-the-counter medications.
This article documents how long it has taken the FDA to fully implement a recommendation from its own advisory committee 32 years ago stating that: "Do not exceed the recommended dosage [acetaminophen--as in Tylenol] because severe liver damage may occur." Other countries have done more.
This second article about drug-induced dementia or delirium lists and discusses an additional 79 drugs that can cause these reversible kinds of mental deterioration. The two articles collectively review 136 drugs that can cause these serious side effects, especially in older people.
The authors of the study commented that their review of previously published medical studies supports their observations that some healthy adult patients in clinical trials developed ALT elevations when repeatedly treated with four grams of acetaminophen daily,which is within the recommended dosage range for the drug.
Research published in the December 2005 issue of the medical journal Hepatology found that the annual percentage of potentially fatal acute liver failure (ALF) cases caused by acetaminophen (TYLENOL) rose from 28 percent in 1998 to 51 percent in 2003. The article discusses the problem of alcohol and Tylenol with recommendations.